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Council,

 

  1. Takes note of the report of the Chairperson of the Commission on the situation in Darfur [PSC/PR/2(CCCXXVIII)], as well as of the statements made by the Commissioner for Peace and Security, the Deputy Joint Special Representative for UNAMIDand the Government of Sudan;

2. Recalls its previous communiqués and press statements on the situation in Darfur;

3. Commends the signatory parties to the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur (DDPD)of July 2011, namely the Government of Sudan and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM), for the steps taken towards the implementation of the DDPD, including the appointment of several LJM officials at senior positions at both national and regional levels, the inauguration of the Darfur Regional Authority (DRA)in February 2012, the holding,in El Fasher,in July 2012, of a preparatory ‘All Stakeholders Conference’, to solicit public support for the implementation of the DDPD and to develop a plan for the launching of the Darfur Internal Dialogue and Consultation (DIDC), and the measures relating to the ceasefire and final security arrangements of the DDPD;

4. Notes, however, that many provisions of the DDPD remain unimplemented, including the transfer of funds by the central Government to the Darfur Reconstruction and Development Fund. Council also notes the challenges being encountered regarding the conduct of the verification exercise of the LJM military personnel and equipment, which is a pre-requisite to the demobilization, disarmament and reintegration of the LJM forces;

5. Encourages the Parties to the DDPD to spare no efforts in expediting the implementation of the Agreement. In this respect, Council notes the steps taken by the Government of Sudan, in particular the establishment, in May 2012, of the High Follow-up Committee for Peace in Darfur, chaired by the President of the Republic of Sudan, and the broadening of the membership of the Darfur Peace Follow-up Office, which is tasked to coordinate the Government’s DDPD activities. Council also takes note of the initialing, by the DDPD Parties, on 18 July 2012, of the revised DDPD timetable, and urges them to comply with this new implementationschedule;

6. Expresses serious concern at the continued refusal of the hold out groups to engage in the peace process, in spite of the efforts made by the Joint AU/UN Mediation. Council, once again, demands that these Movements join the peace process without any further delay and adhere to the DDPD, which has been endorsed by the AU and the larger international community as aviable basis for achieving lasting peace and stability in Darfur. Council expresses its determination to take appropriate sanctions against individuals and entities whose actions aims at undermining the DDPD process, and requests the UN Security Council to consider taking similar measures;

7. Notes with satisfaction the reduction of hostilities between Government forces and the armed Movements. At the same time, Council expresses concern at the sporadic fighting in Darfur, the increase in incidents of banditry and other criminal activities, and the attacks by unidentified armed individuals against UNAMID convoys;

8. Further notes with satisfaction the significant increase in the number of voluntary and spontaneous returns throughout Darfur in the past few months, and calls for continued efforts to sustain this trend, especially as close to 1.7 million Darfuris still remain in IDP camps, while dozens of thousands others are refugees in neighboring countries, particularly Chad;

9. Commends UNAMID for its invaluable contribution towards the protection of civilians, as well as for its support to early recovery initiatives, in particular through the implementation of Quick Impact Projects (QIPs). Council also commends the review by UNAMID of its Protection of Civilians Strategy, in order to enhance the robustness of its protection mandate.In particular,Council welcomes the focus of the new Strategy on the following pillars: (i) physical protection, (ii) humanitarian assistance, (iii) protection through access to the rights,(iv) early recovery and social empowerment, and (v) protection through political engagement;

10. Notes with concern the restrictions on the movements of UNAMID. Council takes note of the undertaking made by the Government of Sudan, in the context of the meetings of the Tripartite Coordination Mechanism, to address this issue and other related matters, in order to facilitate the conduct of UNAMID operations, and looks forward to concrete follow-up action;

11. Welcomes the steps being taken towards the implementation of the recommendations of the review exercise of UNAMID uniformed personnel, jointly conducted by the AU Commission and the UN Secretariat in February 2012, in accordance with Security Council resolution 2003 (2011), with the view to considering ways of enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the military and police components of the Mission and of promoting a flexible and mobile force;

12. Stresses that achieving peace, security, justice and reconciliation in Darfur remains a priority for the AU, recognizing that the people of Darfur have been suffering for far too long. In this respect, Council reaffirmsthe continued relevance of the recommendations of the report of the AU High-Level Panel on Darfur (AUPD), as endorsed by its 207th meeting held in Abuja, on 29 October 2009 [PSC/AHG/COMM.1(CCVII)], bearing in mind that the Darfur crisis is a manifestation of the broader political and other challenges facing Sudan as a whole;

13. Urges the international community to extend the requisite support to the search for lasting peace, security, justice, reconciliation and reconstruction in Darfur, including support to the implementation of the DDPD,based on a proper understanding of the causes and consequences of the conflict in that region. Council, in this respect, expresses appreciation to the DDPD International Follow-up Committee for its efforts;

14. Decides to extend, for a further period of 12 months, the mandate of UNAMID as defined by communiqué PSC/PR/Comm.(LXXIX) of its 79thmeeting, held on 22 June 2007, and United Nations Security Council resolution 1769 (2007) of 31 July 2007. Council requests the UN Security Council to do the same;

15. Reiterates AU’s commitment to the hybrid nature of UNAMID and requests the Commission to continue to ensure that the AU fully plays its role. In this respect, Council requests the Commission to submit to it quarterly reports on the situation in Darfur and the work of UNAMID;

16. Expresses appreciationto the UNAMID leadership, in particular the Joint Special Representative and Joint Chief Mediator a.i. and his Deputies, the Force Commander and Police Commissioner, as well as to the entire staff of the Mission, for their dedication and contribution to the promotion of lasting peace, security and reconciliation in Darfur;

17. Decides to remain actively seized of this matter.

Posted by Tchioffo Kodjo

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