Council expressed its deep concern at the prevailing situation on the ground. Council expressed strong disappointment at  the  failure of  the  two Parties  to  implement the Agreements that  they have  reached, under  the auspices of the AU High-Level  Implementation Panel  (AUHIP), with  the support of  IGAD and the  United  Nations,  particularly  the  Decision  of  the  Joint  Political  and  Security  Mechanism  of  18 September  2011, which,  inter  alia,  established  the  Joint  Border  Verification  and Monitoring Mission (JBVMM),  and  the  provisions  of  UN  Security  resolution  2024(2011)  of  14  December  2011,  which mandated the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei(UNISFA) to support the JBVMM.  

Council stressed the need for Sudan and South Sudan to implement, without delay, the tasks detailed in the 18 September 2011 Decision of the Joint Political and Security Mechanism and UN Security Council resolution 2024(2011). 

Council  stressed  that  the  failure  to  implement  the  signed  Agreements  is  a  denial  of  the  profound aspirations of the people of Sudan and South Sudan, as well as of the trust placed on the Parties by the region and Africa, which spared no effort  to support  the  implementation of  the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), including the self-determination referendum and subsequent independence of South Sudan. 

Council  strongly  condemned  the  unfortunate  and  unwarranted  actions  that  have  characterized  the conduct of both Parties over the past month, which run contrary to all AU and  international principles governing  relations  among  sovereign  states.  Council is dismayed by the  illegal  and  inacceptable occupation by the South Sudanese army of Heglig, which  lies north of the agreed borderline of 1/1/56. Council demanded the immediate and unconditional withdrawal of the army of South Sudan from  the area. Council also demanded that the Government of the Sudan put an end to its aerial bombardment in South Sudan. Council stressed that both sides should make every effort to protect all oil infrastructures. Council requested that both Parties immediately comply with all the provisions of the Memorandum of Understanding  (MoU) on Non-Aggression and Cooperation  signed by  the Government of  the Republic Sudan  and  the  Government  of  the  Republic  of  South  Sudan  in  Addis  Ababa,  on  10  February  2012, including  respect  for  their  territorial  integrity  and  the  prohibition  on  either  State  from  supporting opposition armed groups and movements within the other State. 

Council reiterated its support to the efforts of the AUHIP, and called upon the Parties to meet under the auspices of the Panel to resolve this and all other outstanding issues, including nationality and status of citizens residing in the other state, in a peaceful way and in accordance with the overriding principle of establishing two viable states in Sudan and South Sudan. Furthermore, Council reiterated that there can be no military solution to the conflicts in the Blue Nile and Southern Kordofan states of Sudan. Only a genuine political solution based on respect for diversity in unity would bring about lasting peace and stability.  In this respect, Council encouraged the AUHIP to remain actively engaged in  the search  for a political solution.   

Posted by Tchioffo Kodjo
Last updated by Abraham Kebede

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