We, the Heads of State and Government of the African Union, at our 19th Ordinary Session, held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 15 to 16 July 2012:

 -  Deeply concerned and alarmed by the prevailing situation in Mali; 

-  Noting  that  the  continued occupation of  the northern part of Mali by  various  armed, terrorist and criminal groups poses a serious threat to peace, security and stability in the region and beyond;  


-  Strongly condemning the serious violations of human rights perpetrated in the northern part  of  Mali,  as  well  as  the  senseless  and  unacceptable  destruction  by  the  armed, terrorist and criminal groups active on the ground of the cultural, spiritual and historical heritage of this region, notably in Timbuktu;


-  Deeply concerned by the continuing deterioration of the humanitarian situation  in the northern part of Mali, and stressing the need for urgent action to allow the delivery of food aid to the affected populations;


-  Stressing the urgent need to consolidate the transitional institutions established as part of  the process  towards  the  return  to  constitutional order,  to enable Mali address  the existential challenges facing it and the mobilization of the required international support to this end; 


-  Expressing our appreciation to ECOWAS, the core countries and the larger international community  for  their sustained efforts and contribution  towards  the early resolution of the  crisis, and welcoming  in  this  respect  the adoption, by  the United Nations Security Council, on 5 July 2012, of resolution 2056 (2012); 


-  Noting that the situation in Mali calls into question some of the most basic principles of the  AU,  notably  the  respect  of  the  national  unity  and  territorial  integrity  of Member States, the utter rejection of armed rebellion to further political demands as well as the rejection of terrorism and related criminal activities; 


-  Reiterating the terms of all communiques and decisions of the AU and ECOWAS on the situation in Mali;


-  Affirming our determination to work collectively to address the prevailing situation and overcome the challenges at hand;




(a)  Fully endorse communique PSC/AHG/COMM/1.(CCCXXVII) adopted by the 327th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council, held in Addis Ababa, on 14 July 2012, under the chairmanship of H.E. Alassane Dramane Ouattara,  President  of  the Republic of  Côte  d’Ivoire  and  current  Chair  of ECOWAS,  in  his  capacity  as  Chairperson  of  the  PSC  for  the month  of  July  2012, which  reads  as follows: 


“The Peace and Security Council of  the African Union  (AU), at  its 327th meeting held on 14 July 2012, adopted the following decision on the situation in the Republic of Mali: 




1.  Takes  note  of  the  Report  of  the  Chairperson  of  the  Commission  on  the  situation  in Mali [PSC/AHG/3(CCCXXVII)]. Council also takes note of the statements made by the current Chairman of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the ECOWAS Mediator, the President of the ECOWAS Commission, the United Nations, and by the core countries, namely Mauritania, Niger and  Algeria,  as  well  as  by  South  Africa  and  Togo,  as  AU Member  States  in  the  United  Nations Security Council;


2.  Recalls its earlier communiqués on the situation in Mali;


3.  Reaffirms  the unflinching  commitment of  the AU and  that of all  its Member States  to  the national unity and  territorial  integrity of  the Republic of Mali, which cannot be  the subject of any discussion or negotiation, and Africa's determination to spare no effort to ensure their preservation. Council also reaffirms  the AU's utter  rejection of  terrorism and  the  recourse  to armed  rebellion  to further political demands;


4.  Expresses  its deep concern at  the seriousness of  the situation  in northern Mali, marked by the  increasing  consolidation of  control  of  the  region  by  the armed,  terrorist  and  criminal  groups. Council notes with concern  the presence  in northern Mali of different armed and  terrorist groups, such as Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Ansar Dine, the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa  (MUJWA)  and  Boko Haram.  Council  further  notes  that  this  situation  poses  a  serious threat  to regional and  international peace and security and, as such, calls  for urgent and effective action by the entire international community;


5.  Strongly  condemns  the  violations  of  human  rights  perpetrated  by  the  various  armed, terrorist  and  criminal  groups  which  occupy  the  northern  part  of  Mali,  and  the  senseless  and unacceptable destruction of  the cultural, spiritual and historical heritage of  this  region, notably  in Timbuktu,  which  is  a  serious  violation  of  international  law,  and  urges  that  the  perpetrators  be brought  to  justice before  the  relevant  international  jurisdictions. Council also notes  the continuing deterioration of the humanitarian situation in the region, and stresses the need for urgent action to allow the delivery of food aid to the affected populations. Council reiterates the gratitude of the AU to Algeria, Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger,  for hosting Malian  refugees and  for  their  support and  assistance.  Council  also  thanks  all  humanitarian  agencies  providing  support  to  the  affected populations;


6.  Reiterates the full support of the AU to the ECOWAS efforts aimed at resolving the crisis in Mali. In this regard, Council pays tribute to President Alassane Dramane Ouattara, President of Côte d’Ivoire  and  current  Chairman  of  ECOWAS,  President  Blaise  Compaore,  President  of Burkina  Faso and Mediator in the Malian crisis, President Goodluck Jonathan, President of Nigeria and Associate Mediator, and  the other members of  the ECOWAS Contact Group on Mali, as well as  to President Thomas Yayi Boni, President of Benin and Chairman of the AU, for their commitment and sustained efforts. Council also notes with satisfaction the action of the core countries. Council welcomes the interaction  that  has  developed  between  ECOWAS  and  the  core  countries,  and  encourages  all stakeholders to continue on this path, in accordance with its decision of 20 March 2012, in Bamako [PSC/MIN/COMM.(CCCXIV)];


7.  Endorses  the  communiqués  issued  by  the  41st  Ordinary  Session  of  ECOWAS  Assembly  of Heads of State and Government, held  in Yamoussoukro, on 28 and 29  June 2012, and  the  second meeting of the ECOWAS Contact Group on Mali, held in Ouagadougou, on 7 July 2012. Council also welcomes the adoption, on 5 July 2012, by the UN Security Council of resolution 2056(2012);


8.  Reiterates  its  strong  condemnation  of  the  physical  assault  against  the  interim  President, Mr. Dioncounda Traore, and requests the Chairperson of the Commission, in collaboration with the President of the ECOWAS Commission, to put in place, with the support of the UN, an international commission of inquiry to shed light on the assault and to identify its perpetrators and sponsors, with a  view  to  bringing  them  to  justice.  Council  requests  the  current  authorities, working  closely with ECOWAS,  to  facilitate  the  return  to Mali  of  the  interim  President,  to  enable  him  to   fully  and effectively assume his responsibilities; 


9.  Reiterates  the  urgent  need  to  strengthen  the  transitional  institutions,  to  enable Mali  to address  the  serious  challenges  it  faces,  particularly  in  the  northern  part  of  the  country.  In  this regard,  Council  demands  an  end  to  the  unacceptable  interference  of  the military  junta  and  their civilian supporters in the management of the transition and the effective dissolution of the National Committee for the Recovery of Democracy and the Restoration of the State (CNRDRE). Council calls for the early finalization of the list of individuals whose action is impeding the transition, to allow for the  immediate  imposition of  sanctions by  the AU and  ECOWAS. Council  requests  the UN  Security Council and other AU partners to support such sanctions; 


10.  Urges the  interim President and the Prime Minister to  immediately commence the required consultations with the Malian political and civil society actors, with a view to forming an expanded national  unity  Government,  as  requested  by  ECOWAS,  the  AU  and  the UN.  Council  requests  the Chairperson  of  the  AU  Commission  and  the  President  of  the  ECOWAS  Commission,  in  close  consultation with  the Mediation and with  the  support of  the Special Representative of  the United Nations Secretary-General  for West Africa and other partners, on  the basis of  the communiqué of the  Ouagadougou  Contact  Group  meeting,  to  facilitate  the  holding,  as  soon  as  possible,  of consultations among the Malian stakeholders,  in Bamako, for the formation of the Government of national  unity  by  31st  July  2012,  in  accordance with  the  decision  of  the  Contact  Group meeting. ouncil emphasizes that the formation of this Government will mark the completion of  institutional normalization and pave the way for the lifting of the suspension measure taken by the AU, as well as for  greater mobilization  of  Africa  and  the  rest  of  the  international  community,  in  support  to  the efforts of the transitional authorities;


11.  Encourages dialogue with groups willing to negotiate on the basis of the respect of the unity and  territorial  integrity  of Mali,  and  the  total  rejection  of  armed  rebellion,  terrorism  and  related criminal  activities.  In  this  regard,  Council  reaffirms  its  support  to  the  efforts  of  the  ECOWAS Mediator and  the Contact Group, and  stresses  the need  for  continued  coordination with  the  core countries;


12.  Reiterates  its  determination  to  impose  sanctions  against  terrorist  and  criminal  groups operating in northern Mali, as well as against any other armed group that impedes the search for a solution  to  the crisis and  the efforts of ECOWAS and  the AU.   In  this  regard, Council calls upon all Member States concerned to extend full cooperation to the Commission to expedite the finalization of  the  list of armed,  terrorist and criminal groups operating  in  the northern part of Mali,  for  their inclusion  on  the  list  of  terrorist  groups  established  by  the  AU,  in  conformity  with  communiqué PSC/PR/COMM.(CCCXVI), adopted at its 316th meeting held on3 April 2012; 


13.  Recalls  its communiqué PSC/ PR/COMM.  (CCCXXIII) of 12 June 2012, authorizing  ECOWAS, in collaboration, as appropriate, with  the core countries,  to put  in  place  the required security and military arrangements, to achieve the following objectives: (i) ensure the security of the transitional institutions,  (ii)  restructure and reorganize  the Malian security and defense  forces, and  (iii)  restore State authority over the northern part of the country, as well as fight against terrorist and criminal networks.  Council  welcomes  the  measures  taken  by  ECOWAS  in  this  regard,  including  the dispatching of a technical assessment mission to Bamako, with the participation of the AU. Council reiterates  its  call on all Member States and  the  international  community as a whole,  for  them  to provide the necessary technical, logistical and financial support;


14.  Welcomes  the  launching  by  the  AU  Commission,  during  the  consultative meeting  held  in Addis  Ababa,  on  23  June  2012,  of  the  process  towards  the  development  of  a  strategic  concept articulating,  in  a  holistic manner,  the  political,  security  and military measures  towards  the  early resolution of the crisis in Mali. Council calls for the early finalization of this concept with ECOWAS, in collaboration  with  the  core  countries,  the  UN,  and  other  partners.  Council  stresses  that  this document and the planning conducted by ECOWAS must be mutually reinforcing. Council expresses its  intention to consider and adopt this concept as quickly as possible, before  its submission to the UN Security Council, to enable the  latter to further consider the request of ECOWAS and the AU,  in accordance with paragraph 18 of resolution 2056 (2012);


15.  Calls upon the African Commission on Human  and People’s Rights to investigate the human rights situation in northern Mali, including the atrocities committed against the Malian military and their  families  in Aguel'hoc,  in  January 2012, and  to  submit a  comprehensive  report with  concrete recommendations on the way forward;


16.  Decides to remain actively seized of the situation”.


(b)  Request  the  Chairperson  of  the  AU  Commission  and  the  President  of  the  ECOWAS Commission,  in  consultation with  the  ECOWAS Mediator  on  the Malian  crisis,  the  core  countries and other relevant AU Member States from the region, including Chad, to take urgent steps for the effective implementation of all the provisions of the PSC communique;


(c)  Urge  the United Nations’  Security  Council  and  Secretary-General,  as well  as  all  other  AU partners, to extend full support to the African-led efforts and take all decisions required to this end;


(d)  Welcome the establishment, by the PSC, on 20 March 2012, of the Support and Follow-up Group on the situation in Mali, and the holding of its inaugural meeting in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, on 7 June 2012, and call for its strengthening, in particular, the expansion of its membership to include other AU Member States in the region, such as the Republic of Chad, and the convening of specific meetings at the appropriate  level  in support of the efforts aimed at speedily resolving the crisis  in Mali;


(e)  Request  the PSC  to meet, as and when  required by  the situation, at  the  level of Heads of State and Government, and/or at ministerial  level, to closely follow the developments and take all appropriate measures on behalf of the entire membership of the African Union, in accordance with Article 7 of the PSC Protocol, including the provisions of its paragraphs 2, 3 and 4.


Posted by Tchioffo Kodjo
Last updated by Abraham Kebede

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