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I. INTRODUCTION

1. At its 286th meeting held on 19 July 2011, Council considered the situation in Darfur and the activities of the African Union – United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), on the basis of the report that I submitted [PSC/PR/2(CCLXXXVI)]. Council, in turn, adopted a communiqué in which it, inter-alia,decided to extend, for a further period of 12 months, the mandate of UNAMID, as defined by communiqué PSC/PR/Comm(LXXIX) of its 79th meeting, held on 22 June 2007, and United Nations Security Council resolution 1769 (2007) of 31 July 2007. Council requested the UN Security Council to do the same, bearing in mind the central role that UNAMID plays on the ground, particularly with respect to the protection of civilians, and the increasing contribution expected from the Mission to advance the search for lasting peace in Darfur, including support for the implementation of the Doha Document for Peace in Darfur(DDPD), the launching of the Darfur Political Process (DPP), early recovery and facilitation of the return and reintegration of Internally-Displaced Persons (IDPs) and refugees, building on the encouraging trend already observed on the ground.On 29 July 2011, the Security Council adopted resolution 2003 (2011), in which it decided to extend the mandate of UNAMID, as set out in resolution 1769 (2007), for a further twelve months, to 31 July 2012[PSC/PR/COMM(CCLXXXVI)].


2. This report covers developments regarding the situation in Darfur and the operations of UNAMID.It concludes with recommendations on the way forward, including the renewal of UNAMID’s mandate for a further period of one year.

II. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DOHA DOCUMENT FOR PEACE IN DARFUR

3. At its 286th meeting, Council noted with satisfaction the signing, on 14 July 2011, of the DDPD, stressing that this development would greatly contribute to the promotion of peace and security in Darfur. During the period under review, the signatories to the DDPD, namely the Government of Sudan (GoS) and the Liberation and Justice Movement (LJM), continued to take concrete steps towards the implementation of the DDPD.

4. On 27 December 2011, the President of the Republic of Sudan dissolved the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority (TDRA) and its Commissions, as provided for in the Darfur Peace Agreement (DPA) of 5 May 2006, to pave the way for the establishment of the Darfur Regional Authority (DRA), the principal organ charged with the implementation of the DDPD.On 11 September 2011, the GoS appointed Dr. Al-Haj Adam Youssef, who is from Darfur, as 2ndVice-President of Sudan, while the leader of the LJM, Dr. El TiganiSeisi, was sworn in as Chairperson of the DRA, on 23 October 2011. In accordance with the DDPD provisions, the President of the Republic, on 18 December 2011, appointed the LJM’s Secretary-General,BaharIdriss Abu Garda, as Federal Cabinet Minister of Health. MoktarAbdelkareem, LJM Vice Chairman, and Ahmed Fadoul, another member of LJM senior leadership, were appointed, on 29 December 2011, as State Ministers of Industry and Cabinet Affairs, respectively. Twelve members of the Executive Organ of the Authority, including five from LJM,were also appointed on the same day.

5. In the Darfur region, a number of key Ministries and Commissions of the DRA were allocated to LJM, including the Ministries of Finance and Economic Planning; Reconstruction, Development and Infrastructure; Technology Development and Capacity-Building; as well as the Voluntary Return and Resettlement Commission, and the Justice, Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Other appointees include members of the National Congress Party (NCP), Sudan Liberation Army/Unity (SLA/Unity), signatories of the Declaration of Commitment to the DPA (DoC/DPA), and a serving officer in the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF), appointed to chair the Darfur Security Arrangements Implementation Commission (DSAIC).Furthermore, a senior LJM member, HaidarGalukomaAteem, was appointed Wali(Governor) of West Darfur State, in accordance with the Protocol on Political Participation of LJM and Integration of its Forces. This followed the creation of two additional new States on 5 May 2011, which became effective on 10 January 2012, with the appointment of four new Walis. Central and East Darfur States, with Zalengei and El Daein, as respective capitals, were added to the existing North, South and West Darfur States, thus bringing to five the total number of States in Darfur.

6. On 8 February 2012, the DRA was officially inaugurated in a ceremony held in El Fasher. The Presidents of Sudan and Chad, as well as a representative of the Emir of Qatar and the Foreign Minister of Burkina Faso, attended the event. UNAMID remains engaged with the DDPD Parties and partners, and to provide technical and logistical support, as well as advice, for the effective functioning of the DRA and its institutions.

7. In early May 2012, $25 million and seven vehicles were transferred by the central Government to the DRA. This enabled the DRA to establish offices in Khartoum and Darfur, commence the recruitment of staff and undertake planning activities.On 22 May 2012, the African Development Bank (AfDB), the DRA, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), World Bank and other international partners met in Khartoum to initiate the planning process for the Darfur Joint Assessment Mission (DJAM) provided for in the DDPD. The purpose of the DJAM is to identify and assess the needs for economic recovery, development and poverty eradication in Darfur. The DJAM is projected to be completed by the end of 2012, andwill form the basis for resource mobilization at a donor conference planned for December 2012. On its part, the Commission, in collaboration with the Government of Japan, has recently made available an amount of US$ 6.5 million, from an earlier Japanese grant for AU’s efforts in Darfur, to support activities by UNAMID and UNICEF in the area of capacity building and rural agricultural development.

8. In outlining their priorities in the DDPD, both Parties identified the holding of the Darfur Internal Dialogue and Consultation (DIDC) as a key element. The DDPD provides that UNAMID, the AU and the State of Qatar will facilitate the holding of the DIDC. UNAMID sought, in the context of disseminating information about the DDPD, the views of Darfuri stakeholders on the role of internal dialogue. This was done through consultations throughout Darfur and in Khartoum with representatives of civil society organisations, nomadic communities, IDPs, the Native Administration, State legislators and community leaders. The majority of stakeholders consulted recognized that a Darfur-based internal dialogue has the potential to strengthen popular support for the DDPD, increase the inclusiveness of the peace process and promote reconciliation between communities. However, a broad cross-section of stakeholders, in particular representatives of IDPs, community leaders and nomads, expressed some concerns, notably with respect to the participation of all major stakeholder groups; possible manipulation of the process by the Parties to the conflict; freedom of expression for the participants; and the chances of implementation of the outcome by the Parties. Nonetheless, they called for the process to start immediately, for civil society organisations to be assisted by the international community in monitoring events, and for the international community to encourage the non-signatory movements to support the planned consultations.

9. From 10 to 12 July 2012, a preparatory ‘All Stakeholders Conference’ was held in El Fasher, to solicit public support for the implementation of the DDPD and to develop a plan for the DIDC. The event was a joint collaborative effort by the two DDPD partners, although the selection of the 800 participants from a broad range of Darfuri stakeholder groups was largely done by the LJM.

10. UNAMID continued to monitor progress in the implementation of the DDPD ceasefire and the final security arrangements. On 4 October 2011, the Ceasefire Commission was established to implement the relevant provisions of the DDPD, including independent verification of LJM military personnel and equipment, which was a pre-requisite to the demobilization, disarmament and reintegration of the LJM forces. The verification exercise was undertaken by UNAMID between 5 and 9 March 2012. However, a disagreement emerged between the signatory Parties over the exercise, as GoSofficials insisted that it should be repeated with narrower criteria for eligibility as a combatant, while the LJM insisted on the maintenance of broader criteria and the verification of additional forces not included by the Movement in the initial verification exercise. Discussions are still on-going between the two Parties to resolve this issue.

11. In May 2012, in accordance with the DDPD, the GoS submitted to UNAMID, its plan for the disarmament and disbandment of armed militia groups in Darfur. The plan provides for the establishment of a Disarmament Committee, the registration of militias, the conduct of a public awareness campaign and a disarmament phase, to be conducted over a 220-day period. UNAMID is seeking additional clarification from the authorities regarding the identities, strengths and locations of the groups to be disarmed.

12. Many provisions of the DDPD remain unimplemented several months after missing the stipulated deadlines. This includes the transfer of funds by the central Government to the DarfurReconstruction and Development Fund, to enable the implementation of reconstruction projects, the first tranche of which ($200 million), due upon the signing of the DDPD on 14 July 2011, was deferred. On 24 April 2012, during a briefing to the National Assembly on the implementation status of the DDPD, the DRA Chairperson, Dr. El TiganiSeisi, stated that shortage of funding for the DRA and associated bodies was seriously hindering the implementation of the Agreement.

13. On 2 May 2012, the GoS issued two decrees intended to expedite the implementation of the DDPD. The first decree established an oversight body, the High Follow-up Committee for Peace in Darfur, chaired by President Omar Hassan Al Bashir. The second decree broadened the membership of the Darfur Peace Follow-up Office, the body established on 27 August 2011 to coordinate the Government’s DDPD activities, to include senior representatives of the Ministries of Defence, Finance, Foreign Affairs, Information, Interior, Justice and the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS). The decree also expanded the Office’s mandate to include contact with non-signatory Movements and the development of strategies to promote peace in Darfur. At its first meeting, held on 16 May 2012, the High Follow-up Committee considered an implementation progress report prepared jointly by the DRA and Darfur Peace Follow-up Office. The Darfur Peace Follow-up Office also met on 4 June 2012, during which political, security, economic and information sub-Committees were established to facilitate implementation within specific areas of government.

14. On 18 July 2012, the DDPD Parties initialled the revised DDPD timetable during a brief ceremony which took place at the DRA Headquarters. Present at the ceremony were some members of the Implementation Follow-up Committee (IFC) – United States, United Kingdom, China, the European Union, the League of Arab States, the African Union, France, Qatar – GoSand LJM officials. The Parties reiterated their commitment to respect the new DDPD timeline, so as to bring the much-needed peace dividends to the people of Darfur. The LJM and GoS representatives equally thanked the international community, particularly Qatar, for its continued support and cooperation towards the implementation of the DDPD.

15. The IFC, established under the DDPD, continued to play an important role in support of the peace process.On 16 January 2012, the IFC held its second meeting in El Fasher under the chairmanship of the State of Qatar. Its 3rdmeeting took place in Doha, on 28 May 2012. On that occasion, the IFC considered reports presented by the signatory Parties and UNAMID on progress made in the implementation of the DDPD. While the Commission welcomed the progress made, it also expressed concern about delays in establishing the institutions provided for in the DDPD. Members noted the need to increase the inclusiveness of the peace process through the resumption of peace talks between the Government and non-signatory Movements. Furthermore, they expressed concern about the negative implications for the security situation in Darfur of the hostilities between Sudan and South Sudan and called, in this regard, for compliance with the Security Council resolution 2046 (2012).


III. ENGAGEMENT WITH THE NON-SIGNATORY MOVEMENTS AND RELATED
DEVELOPMENTS

16. During the reporting period, the Joint Special Representative (JSR) and Joint Chief Mediator ad interim (JCM a.i.), Professor Ibrahim Gambari, continued his efforts towards the resumption of negotiations between the GoS and the non-signatory Movements.From 20 to 23 February 2012, ProfessorGambari visited Juba, N’djamena and Ouagadougou. The primary purpose of the visits was to update the regional leaders on the state of the peace process, particularly on the progress achieved since the signing of the DDPD, and to solicit their support for the next mediation initiatives. All the leaders concerned expressed their strong support for constructive peace initiatives towards a comprehensive and inclusive political settlement.

17. Several smaller armed movements and factions expressed to the Joint Mediation Support Team (JMST) their interest in holding talks with the Government, using the DDPD as a basis for discussions. This included the JEM-Revolutionary Command, LJM-Unity, SLM-Unity (Adam Abdul-Aziz faction) and elements of the Roadmap Group led by Ali Daoud. On 26 May 2012, the JMST and UNAMID met, in Jebel Kargo (Central Darfur), with field commanders of a JEM faction led by Mohammed Bahr, to assess the faction’s credibility as a potential negotiating party. Approximately 60 armed men aboard vehicles mounted with machine guns, whose commanders claimed to represent 1,600 fighters, attended the meeting. The commanders affirmed their loyalty to Mohammed Bahr and their readiness to enter into talks with the Government. The assessment team was unable to independently verify the faction’s military strength.

18. From 24 to 25 January 2012, the Justice and Equality Movement(JEM) held its 6thGeneral Convention. Gibril Ibrahim, the brother of the late JEM founding leader, Khalil Ibrahim, emerged as the new leader of the Movement. According to a JEM official communiqué, the Convention adopted a number of resolutions, including continued struggle for a new Sudan of dignity, honour and justice; and revenge for the “assassination” of Khalil Ibrahim. JEM also paid tribute to the SPLM/N leadership and its forces, for its struggle for a new Sudan. The communiqué made no reference to the peace process.

19. Since the death of Khalil Ibrahim and even after electing a new leader, JEM and indeed all the other non-signatory Movements have refused to agree to engage on the way forward to a negotiated settlement in Darfur. All attempts by JSR/JCM a.i. to engage with them have so far been unsuccessful. Instead, JEM, SLM/A (MinniMinawi) and SLM/A (Abdul Wahid) havemaintained a belligerent posture and increased their involvement in the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) alliance with SPLM/A (North), whose objective is regime change in the Sudan. On 19 February 2012, a UNAMID long range patrol from Umm Baru Team Site to ShegegKaro, in North Darfur, was obstructed from carrying out its mandated activities by JEM combatants numbering about one hundred. They also held two Sudanese language assistants and a police adviser from Yemen, on the grounds that they were spies under UNAMID cover working for the GoS against the Movement. It took patient negotiations, accompanied by a strong show of deterrent force, to end the impasse and secure the release of the members of the patrol team.

20. On 20 February 2012, the SRF elected Malik Agar of SPLM-North as its Chairman and, on 25 February, the SRF formally announced the composition of its Leadership Council. Mr. Abdel Aziz Alhilo, another SPLM/N chieftain, was appointed as the commander of the joint military leadership. Mr. Abdel Wahid Al-Nur (SLA/M-AW) was named Vice-Chairman for Political and Regulatory Affairs; Mr.MinniMinawi (SLM/A-MM),Vice-Chairman for Finance and Administrative Affairs; and Mr.Gibril Ibrahim (JEM),Vice-President for Foreign Relations and Humanitarian Affairs. On 26 February 2012, the SRF launched a joint operation against the SAF in Jau, in South Kordofan.

21. On 9 April 2012, the JSR/JCM a.i. met with JEM representatives in London and, on 15 May 2012, SLA-MinniMinawi and SLA-Mother, in Kampala. However, the Movements reiterated their commitment to the objectives of the SRF, including the overthrow of the NCP-led Government.The Mediation continues to engage with the hold-out Movements and another meeting with one of the major factions is scheduled to be held in an European capital in the next few days.

22. In a communiqué issued on 1 June 2012, following its 3rdleadership bureau meeting at an undisclosed location, the SRF, inter alia, reiterated its objective to overthrow the NCP regime and called for opposition groups to unite and work with the alliance. Several small Darfur armed Movements and factions informed the JMST during the period under review that they had joined the SRF, including SLA-Democracy, SLA-Mother and SLA-Unity (Abdalla Yahya faction).

IV. SECURITY AND HUMANITARIAN SITUATION

23. Clashes between Government and movement forces occurred sporadically during the reporting period, particularly in South and East Darfur. UNAMID received reports of fighting betweenthe SAF and unidentified Movement forces, on 17 April 2012, in Samaha (East Darfur),Saysaban and Um Dafok (South Darfur); and on 19 April 2012, in Songo (South Darfur). A SLA-MinniMinawi spokesperson claimed involvement in the clashes in Um Dafok. UNAMID confirmed the fighting in Samaha, but was unable to independently verify the other incidents in South Darfur, due to restrictions imposed by local Government authorities. Humanitarian agencies provided assistance to 19,000 civilians who were displaced by the fighting from Samaha to neighbouring villages.

24. On 8 May 2012, SLA-MinniMinawi forces took control of Geraida (95 km south of Nyala, South Darfur) from SAF, until Government forces regained control of the town the following day. UNAMID verified that a number of Government soldiers and police personnel, as well as civilians,were killed or injured; Government installations and shops were destroyed; and the market was looted. In North Darfur, armed Movement forces ambushed a SAF military convoy at DoboUmda (90 km south west of El Fasher North Darfur), on 26 June 2012.

25. Government authorities informed UNAMID that SPLA and SRF elements had taken control of Kafindebei (275 km South-West of Nyala, South Darfur) from SAF, on 29 April 2012. A SAF spokesperson indicated that Government forces regained control of the town, on 7 May 2012. According to local sources, 7,000 civilians were displaced by the fighting. Further, the GoS alleged SPLA elements conducted operations near the South Darfur-Western Bahr El Ghazal border, in Al Miram and Um Dafok, on 17 and 18 May 2012, and in KafiaKingi, SiriMalga and, further east, in Samaha, on 22 and 24 May 2012.

26. On 16 and 17 April 2012, unidentified armed men attacked Southern Sudanese living in Sharif camp (125 km east of El Daein, East Darfur) and Khor Omer camp in El Daein (East Darfur), respectively. Three South Sudanese sustained injuries in the first incident and four in the second. UNAMID increased patrolling to the camps and Government police established a round-the-clock security presence at the 11 camps in East Darfur that host South Sudanese communities. According to a Red Crescent Society assessment, concluded in March 2012, 60,000 people of South Sudanese origin currently reside in South and East Darfur.

27. During the reporting period, the Return and Reintegration Working Group, led by the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), confirmed that 37,444 IDPs and 1,145 refugees voluntarily returned to various locations in Darfur between 1 January and 31 March 2012. 55,872 IDP and 29,300 refugee returns had been verified in 2011. In the past few months, voluntary and spontaneous returns continued throughout Darfur, with South Darfur reporting close to 52,000 people returning since January 2012, while figures for West Darfur, including refugees from Chad, are very similar.

28. Food insecurity has been increasing concern in parts of Darfur due to last year’s relatively poor harvest. A post-harvest assessment conducted by the World Food Program (WFP) in April 2012 identified a food deficit of approximately 140,000 metric tons of cereal in both North and South Darfur, and a 25 per cent increase in the prices of agricultural produce and livestock in the Darfur states since the beginning of the year.

29. The safety and security situation for United Nations and humanitarian personnel in Darfur remain of concern. Criminal acts targeting UNAMID personnel resulted in the death of one peacekeeper and injuries to three others when, on 20 April 2012, a group of unidentified armed men attacked a UNAMID formed police unit near Mournei (70 km south-east of El Geneina, West Darfur). On 13 May 2012, four national staff members of the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC),abducted on 28 April in the Fata Borno area (100 km north-west of El Fasher, North Darfur) by unidentified assailants, were released in Kabkabiya (135 km west of El Fasher, North Darfur). The WFP employee abducted in Nyala on 6 March 2012 was released on 30 May 2012. Investigations by national authorities are ongoing.

V. UNAMID OPERATIONS

30. At the time of finalizing this report, the strength of UNAMID civilian personnel stood at 86 per cent of the approved strength of 5,285 (1,106 international staff, 2,961 national staff and 474 United Nations Volunteers).UNAMID military personnel stoodat 17,033, representing 87.71percent of the authorized strength of 19,555, comprising 17,450 troops, 323 staff officers, 229 military observers and 77 liaison officers. The personnel strength of UNAMID police stood at 3,224 (85 percent men and 15 percent women), representing 85.47 percent of the authorized strength of 3,772. A total of 16 of the authorized 19 Formed Police Units (FPUs) have been deployed. An additional FPU from Djibouti is scheduled to be deployed in August 2012. The number of deployed formed police personnel stood at 2,236 or 84.06 percent of the authorized strength of 2,660. However, deficiencies in the operational and self-sustainment capabilities of military and police contingents remain of concern. Of the 54 units deployed to UNAMID, the number that met the contingent-owned equipment requirements stipulated in the Memoranda of Understanding was 25.

31. In the last three months alone, UNAMID conducted 12,783 patrols, including 5,727 routine patrols, 2,801 logistics and administrative patrols, 1,788 night patrols, 1,089 short-range patrols, 914 humanitarian escorts and 464 long-range patrols. UNAMID police conducted a total of 12,507 patrols, including 7,180 inside IDP camps, 3,021 in towns and villages, 1,807 medium-range patrols, 277 humanitarian patrols and 222 long-range patrols. Furthermore, UNAMID continued to enhance its capacity to protect civilians. An additional 60 civilian staff members with expertise in civil affairs, human rights, humanitarian liaison and rule of law were redeployed to 26 team sites. This brings to 82 the total number of civilian staff deployed in this capacity to team sites throughout Darfur.

32. On 1 April 2012, the Government formally advised UNAMID, via a Note Verbale, of its decision to no longer issue entry visas to civilian police that are not proficient in Arabic. UNAMID continues to urge Government officials to urgently approve all visa requests irrespective of the applicants’ language abilities to ensure the Mission is suitably diverse, including in regard to women.

33. With regard to the freedom of movement of UNAMID personnel, between 1 January and 30 June 2012, the Mission’s movements by land were restricted on 58 occasions. For its air operations, during the same period, Government authorities denied 473 of 9,497 flight requests. These included intermittent restrictions imposed by Government authorities on flights between Khartoum and El Fasher, from 3 to 12 May 2012, and between Khartoum, El Fasher and Nyala, from 10 to 12 June 2012, while SAF air operations in Darfur were underway.

34. Further, on 20 April 2012, Government authorities, citing planned and or ongoing military action, informed UNAMID and humanitarian organisations that access to the Tulus, Buram, Edd al Fursan, KafiaKingi, Kafindebei and Um Dafok areas, in South Darfur, was restricted. Access was also intermittently restricted to Shaeria and Labado (South Darfur) and ShangilTobaya, Dar-al-Salam and Thabit (North Darfur) during the reporting period. The majority of restrictions were imposed, due to security-related problems.

35. UNAMID continues to call on representatives of the GoS at all levels to allow the Mission full and unrestricted freedom of movement.The Tripartite Coordination Mechanism, established between the GoS, the AU and the UN, remains an important forum to address this issue and other matters related to the deployment of UNAMID. The Mechanism met twice this year: on 28 March 2012 and 23 June 2012 in Addis Ababa and El-Fasher, respectively, to consider and resolve outstanding issues in the implementation of UNAMID’s mandate. It is scheduled to hold its next meeting in the margins of the UN General Assembly in New York, in September 2012. During the meeting of 23 June 2012, access restrictions were a key point of discussion. Government officials undertook to reiterate to their field commanders that authorities may provide security advice to UNAMID, but are not to prevent its activities from proceeding.

36. Finally, and in accordance with the requests contained in Security Councilresolution 2003 (2011), a review exercise of UNAMID uniformed personnel was carried out earlier this year. It was jointly undertaken by the UN,the AU CommissionandUNAMID. The main objective of the review was to consider ways of enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of UNAMID Military and Police and to promote a flexible and mobile force. The review focused on the need to reconfigure and reposition the current troop level in light of the prevailing security situation, and meet additional requirements in mandate implementation, such as the support to the implementation of the DDPD. The implementation of the review is scheduled to be undertaken over a period of 18 months beginning from July 2012.

VI. OBSERVATIONS

37. In his report to the UN Security Council on the ‘Framework for the African Union and United Nations Facilitation of the Darfur Peace Process’, the UN Secretary-General proposed a way forward for re-energizing the peace process in Darfur. The Framework has three pillars: (a) full and timely implementation of the DDPD; (b) engagement with the Government of Sudan and the non-signatory Movements; and (c) internal dialogue and consultations. On his part, the JCMa.i., Professor Ibrahim Gambari, has continued to work with Qatar Deputy Prime Minister Ahmed bin Abdullah Al Mahmoud, to resume dialogue between the GoS and DDPD non-signatory Movements. The AU supports this approach.

38. On the security front, the situation in Darfur continues to give hope for positive improvements in the short term. The overall number of security incidents recorded by UNAMID shows a reduction of hostilities between Government forces and armed Movements, compared to the same period a year ago. However, there is an increase in incidents of banditry and other criminal activities, while attacks by unidentified armed individuals against UNAMID convoys, though sporadic, have also been on the rise.UNAMID’s increasing ability to protect civilians enables the Mission to adjust its manpower and resources to address some of the immense needs of the local communities. Military patrols are now covering a much greater geographic area, while the Mission continues to improve contacts with the local communities through the implementation of Quick Impact Projects (QIPs).

39. The bilateral agreement reached by Chad and Sudan, in early 2010, has contributed significantly to the restoration of calm along their common border, in Western Darfur.A steady increase in the number of IDPs returning voluntarily to their villages of origin, particularly in West Darfur, has also been observed. UNAMID continues to provide logistical and security support to humanitarian agencies in the field. However, the fact remains that some 1.7 million women, men and children remain displaced in various IDP camps scattered throughout Darfur. This situation cannot be allowed to continue.

40. Many in the local population now consider the DDPD a legitimate foundation to build a common and shared future. However, there are still a number of challenges to sustainable peace in Darfur, including scepticism from some sections of the population. To address this confidence gap, it is important that the GoS continue to implement the DDPD faithfully and to empower the mechanisms provided for in the Agreement. Moreover, DDPD institutions need a great deal of assistance on capacity building.

41. Sustainable peace is in sight, but the road ahead remains arduous. The progress made so far remains fragile and may be easily reversed if focus on Darfur is lost. It is therefore not the time to disengage. Quite the contrary. As the Assembly did during its 19th Ordinary Session, in mid-July 2012, Council may also wish to call for renewed efforts to provide the requisite support to the peace process and early recovery initiatives.

42. It is in light of this that I wish to emphasise, particularly in the absence of an inclusive settlement of the conflict in Darfur, that UNAMID should continue to contribute to the protection of civilians, facilitate the delivery of aid to vulnerable populations and assist the signatory Parties in their efforts to implement the DDPD. Accordingly, I recommend that Council consider an extension of the mandate of UNAMID by one year.

43. In conclusion, I would like to thank the JSR/JCM a.i., Professor Ibrahim Gambari, for his tireless service and contribution to peacekeeping efforts in Darfur, as well as for his continuing engagementwith hold-out rebel groups, in coordination with Qatar. I would also like to express my appreciation to those Member States that have contributed military and police personnel to UNAMID, and to the United Nations for its continued partnership with the AU in peacekeeping in Darfur. Lastly, I would like to express my sincere appreciation to the women and men of UNAMID and the humanitarian community working tirelessly in what are often arduous and challenging circumstances to assist the people of the region.

Posted by Tchioffo Kodjo

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